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Mathlib.CategoryTheory.LiftingProperties.Adjunction

Lifting properties and adjunction #

In this file, we obtain Adjunction.HasLiftingProperty_iff, which states that when we have an adjunction adj : G ⊣ F between two functors G : C ⥤ D and F : D ⥤ C, then a morphism of the form G.map i has the left lifting property in D with respect to a morphism p if and only the morphism i has the left lifting property in C with respect to F.map p.

theorem CategoryTheory.CommSq.right_adjoint {C : Type u_1} {D : Type u_2} [CategoryTheory.Category.{u_3, u_1} C] [CategoryTheory.Category.{u_4, u_2} D] {G : CategoryTheory.Functor C D} {F : CategoryTheory.Functor D C} {A : C} {B : C} {X : D} {Y : D} {i : A B} {p : X Y} {u : G.obj A X} {v : G.obj B Y} (sq : CategoryTheory.CommSq u (G.map i) p v) (adj : G F) :
CategoryTheory.CommSq ((adj.homEquiv A X) u) i (F.map p) ((adj.homEquiv B Y) v)

When we have an adjunction G ⊣ F, any commutative square where the left map is of the form G.map i and the right map is p has an "adjoint" commutative square whose left map is i and whose right map is F.map p.

def CategoryTheory.CommSq.rightAdjointLiftStructEquiv {C : Type u_1} {D : Type u_2} [CategoryTheory.Category.{u_3, u_1} C] [CategoryTheory.Category.{u_4, u_2} D] {G : CategoryTheory.Functor C D} {F : CategoryTheory.Functor D C} {A : C} {B : C} {X : D} {Y : D} {i : A B} {p : X Y} {u : G.obj A X} {v : G.obj B Y} (sq : CategoryTheory.CommSq u (G.map i) p v) (adj : G F) :
sq.LiftStruct .LiftStruct

The liftings of a commutative are in bijection with the liftings of its (right) adjoint square.

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    theorem CategoryTheory.CommSq.right_adjoint_hasLift_iff {C : Type u_1} {D : Type u_2} [CategoryTheory.Category.{u_3, u_1} C] [CategoryTheory.Category.{u_4, u_2} D] {G : CategoryTheory.Functor C D} {F : CategoryTheory.Functor D C} {A : C} {B : C} {X : D} {Y : D} {i : A B} {p : X Y} {u : G.obj A X} {v : G.obj B Y} (sq : CategoryTheory.CommSq u (G.map i) p v) (adj : G F) :
    .HasLift sq.HasLift

    A square has a lifting if and only if its (right) adjoint square has a lifting.

    instance CategoryTheory.CommSq.instHasLift {C : Type u_1} {D : Type u_2} [CategoryTheory.Category.{u_3, u_1} C] [CategoryTheory.Category.{u_4, u_2} D] {G : CategoryTheory.Functor C D} {F : CategoryTheory.Functor D C} {A : C} {B : C} {X : D} {Y : D} {i : A B} {p : X Y} {u : G.obj A X} {v : G.obj B Y} (sq : CategoryTheory.CommSq u (G.map i) p v) (adj : G F) [sq.HasLift] :
    .HasLift
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    theorem CategoryTheory.CommSq.left_adjoint {C : Type u_1} {D : Type u_2} [CategoryTheory.Category.{u_4, u_1} C] [CategoryTheory.Category.{u_3, u_2} D] {G : CategoryTheory.Functor C D} {F : CategoryTheory.Functor D C} {A : C} {B : C} {X : D} {Y : D} {i : A B} {p : X Y} {u : A F.obj X} {v : B F.obj Y} (sq : CategoryTheory.CommSq u i (F.map p) v) (adj : G F) :
    CategoryTheory.CommSq ((adj.homEquiv A X).symm u) (G.map i) p ((adj.homEquiv B Y).symm v)

    When we have an adjunction G ⊣ F, any commutative square where the left map is of the form i and the right map is F.map p has an "adjoint" commutative square whose left map is G.map i and whose right map is p.

    def CategoryTheory.CommSq.leftAdjointLiftStructEquiv {C : Type u_1} {D : Type u_2} [CategoryTheory.Category.{u_3, u_1} C] [CategoryTheory.Category.{u_4, u_2} D] {G : CategoryTheory.Functor C D} {F : CategoryTheory.Functor D C} {A : C} {B : C} {X : D} {Y : D} {i : A B} {p : X Y} {u : A F.obj X} {v : B F.obj Y} (sq : CategoryTheory.CommSq u i (F.map p) v) (adj : G F) :
    sq.LiftStruct .LiftStruct

    The liftings of a commutative are in bijection with the liftings of its (left) adjoint square.

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      theorem CategoryTheory.CommSq.left_adjoint_hasLift_iff {C : Type u_1} {D : Type u_2} [CategoryTheory.Category.{u_4, u_1} C] [CategoryTheory.Category.{u_3, u_2} D] {G : CategoryTheory.Functor C D} {F : CategoryTheory.Functor D C} {A : C} {B : C} {X : D} {Y : D} {i : A B} {p : X Y} {u : A F.obj X} {v : B F.obj Y} (sq : CategoryTheory.CommSq u i (F.map p) v) (adj : G F) :
      .HasLift sq.HasLift

      A (left) adjoint square has a lifting if and only if the original square has a lifting.

      instance CategoryTheory.CommSq.instHasLift_1 {C : Type u_1} {D : Type u_2} [CategoryTheory.Category.{u_3, u_1} C] [CategoryTheory.Category.{u_4, u_2} D] {G : CategoryTheory.Functor C D} {F : CategoryTheory.Functor D C} {A : C} {B : C} {X : D} {Y : D} {i : A B} {p : X Y} {u : A F.obj X} {v : B F.obj Y} (sq : CategoryTheory.CommSq u i (F.map p) v) (adj : G F) [sq.HasLift] :
      .HasLift
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