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algebra.continued_fractions.computation.correctness_terminating

# Correctness of Terminating Continued Fraction Computations (generalized_continued_fraction.of) #

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## Summary #

We show the correctness of the algorithm computing continued fractions (generalized_continued_fraction.of) in case of termination in the following sense:

At every step n : ℕ, we can obtain the value v by adding a specific residual term to the last denominator of the fraction described by (generalized_continued_fraction.of v).convergents' n. The residual term will be zero exactly when the continued fraction terminated; otherwise, the residual term will be given by the fractional part stored in generalized_continued_fraction.int_fract_pair.stream v n.

For an example, refer to generalized_continued_fraction.comp_exact_value_correctness_of_stream_eq_some and for more information about the computation process, refer to algebra.continued_fraction.computation.basic.

## Main definitions #

• generalized_continued_fraction.comp_exact_value can be used to compute the exact value approximated by the continued fraction generalized_continued_fraction.of v by adding a residual term as described in the summary.

## Main Theorems #

• generalized_continued_fraction.comp_exact_value_correctness_of_stream_eq_some shows that generalized_continued_fraction.comp_exact_value indeed returns the value v when given the convergent and fractional part as described in the summary.
• generalized_continued_fraction.of_correctness_of_terminated_at shows the equality v = (generalized_continued_fraction.of v).convergents n if generalized_continued_fraction.of v terminated at position n.
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Given two continuants pconts and conts and a value fr, this function returns

• conts.a / conts.b if fr = 0
• exact_conts.a / exact_conts.b where exact_conts = next_continuants 1 fr⁻¹ pconts conts otherwise.

This function can be used to compute the exact value approxmated by a continued fraction generalized_continued_fraction.of v as described in lemma comp_exact_value_correctness_of_stream_eq_some.

Equations
• conts fr = ite (fr = 0) (conts.a / conts.b) (let exact_conts : := conts in exact_conts.a / exact_conts.b)
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theorem generalized_continued_fraction.comp_exact_value_correctness_of_stream_eq_some_aux_comp {K : Type u_1} [floor_ring K] {a : K} (b c : K) (fract_a_ne_zero : 0) :
(a * b + c) / + b = (b * a + c) /

Just a computational lemma we need for the next main proof.

Shows the correctness of comp_exact_value in case the continued fraction generalized_continued_fraction.of v did not terminate at position n. That is, we obtain the value v if we pass the two successive (auxiliary) continuants at positions n and n + 1 as well as the fractional part at int_fract_pair.stream n to comp_exact_value.

The correctness might be seen more readily if one uses convergents' to evaluate the continued fraction. Here is an example to illustrate the idea:

Let (v : ℚ) := 3.4. We have

• generalized_continued_fraction.int_fract_pair.stream v 0 = some ⟨3, 0.4⟩, and
• generalized_continued_fraction.int_fract_pair.stream v 1 = some ⟨2, 0.5⟩. Now (generalized_continued_fraction.of v).convergents' 1 = 3 + 1/2, and our fractional term at position 2 is 0.5. We hence have v = 3 + 1/(2 + 0.5) = 3 + 1/2.5 = 3.4. This computation corresponds exactly to the one using the recurrence equation in comp_exact_value.
theorem generalized_continued_fraction.of_correctness_of_nth_stream_eq_none {K : Type u_1} {v : K} {n : } [floor_ring K] (nth_stream_eq_none : = option.none) :
v =

The convergent of generalized_continued_fraction.of v at step n - 1 is exactly v if the int_fract_pair.stream of the corresponding continued fraction terminated at step n.

theorem generalized_continued_fraction.of_correctness_of_terminated_at {K : Type u_1} {v : K} {n : } [floor_ring K] (terminated_at_n : n) :

If generalized_continued_fraction.of v terminated at step n, then the nth convergent is exactly v.

theorem generalized_continued_fraction.of_correctness_of_terminates {K : Type u_1} {v : K} [floor_ring K] (terminates : .terminates) :
(n : ),

If generalized_continued_fraction.of v terminates, then there is n : ℕ such that the nth convergent is exactly v.

If generalized_continued_fraction.of v terminates, then its convergents will eventually always be v.