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ring_theory.algebra_tower

Towers of algebras #

We set up the basic theory of algebra towers. An algebra tower A/S/R is expressed by having instances of algebra A S, algebra R S, algebra R A and is_scalar_tower R S A, the later asserting the compatibility condition (r • s) • a = r • (s • a).

In field_theory/tower.lean we use this to prove the tower law for finite extensions, that if R and S are both fields, then [A:R] = [A:S] [S:A].

In this file we prepare the main lemma: if {bi | i ∈ I} is an R-basis of S and {cj | j ∈ J} is a S-basis of A, then {bi cj | i ∈ I, j ∈ J} is an R-basis of A. This statement does not require the base rings to be a field, so we also generalize the lemma to rings in this file.

def is_scalar_tower.invertible.algebra_tower (R : Type u) (S : Type v) (A : Type w) [comm_semiring R] [comm_semiring S] [semiring A] [algebra R S] [algebra S A] [algebra R A] [is_scalar_tower R S A] (r : R) [invertible ((algebra_map R S) r)] :

Suppose that R -> S -> A is a tower of algebras. If an element r : R is invertible in S, then it is invertible in A.

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def is_scalar_tower.invertible_algebra_coe_nat (R : Type u) (A : Type w) [comm_semiring R] [semiring A] [algebra R A] (n : ) [inv : invertible n] :

A natural number that is invertible when coerced to R is also invertible when coerced to any R-algebra.

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theorem algebra.adjoin_algebra_map' {R : Type u} {S : Type v} {A : Type w} [comm_ring R] [comm_ring S] [comm_ring A] [algebra R S] [algebra S A] (s : set S) :
theorem algebra.adjoin_algebra_map (R : Type u) (S : Type v) (A : Type w) [comm_ring R] [comm_ring S] [comm_ring A] [algebra R S] [algebra S A] [algebra R A] [is_scalar_tower R S A] (s : set S) :
theorem algebra.adjoin_res (C : Type u_1) (D : Type u_2) (E : Type u_3) [comm_semiring C] [comm_semiring D] [comm_semiring E] [algebra C D] [algebra C E] [algebra D E] [is_scalar_tower C D E] (S : set E) :
theorem algebra.adjoin_res_eq_adjoin_res (C : Type u_1) (D : Type u_2) (E : Type u_3) (F : Type u_4) [comm_semiring C] [comm_semiring D] [comm_semiring E] [comm_semiring F] [algebra C D] [algebra C E] [algebra C F] [algebra D F] [algebra E F] [is_scalar_tower C D F] [is_scalar_tower C E F] {S : set D} {T : set E} (hS : algebra.adjoin C S = ) (hT : algebra.adjoin C T = ) :
theorem algebra.fg_trans' {R : Type u_1} {S : Type u_2} {A : Type u_3} [comm_ring R] [comm_ring S] [comm_ring A] [algebra R S] [algebra S A] [algebra R A] [is_scalar_tower R S A] (hRS : .fg) (hSA : .fg) :
theorem linear_independent_smul {R : Type u} {S : Type v} {A : Type w} [comm_ring R] [ring S] [add_comm_group A] [algebra R S] [module S A] [module R A] [is_scalar_tower R S A] {ι : Type v₁} {b : ι → S} {ι' : Type w₁} {c : ι' → A} (hb : linear_independent R b) (hc : linear_independent S c) :
linear_independent R (λ (p : ι × ι'), b p.fst c p.snd)
theorem is_basis.smul {R : Type u} {S : Type v} {A : Type w} [comm_ring R] [ring S] [add_comm_group A] [algebra R S] [module S A] [module R A] [is_scalar_tower R S A] {ι : Type v₁} {b : ι → S} {ι' : Type w₁} {c : ι' → A} (hb : is_basis R b) (hc : is_basis S c) :
is_basis R (λ (p : ι × ι'), b p.fst c p.snd)
theorem is_basis.smul_repr {R : Type u} {S : Type v} {A : Type w} [comm_ring R] [ring S] [add_comm_group A] [algebra R S] [module S A] [module R A] [is_scalar_tower R S A] {ι : Type u_1} {ι' : Type u_2} {b : ι → S} {c : ι' → A} (hb : is_basis R b) (hc : is_basis S c) (x : A) (ij : ι × ι') :
((_.repr) x) ij = ((hb.repr) (((hc.repr) x) ij.snd)) ij.fst
theorem is_basis.smul_repr_mk {R : Type u} {S : Type v} {A : Type w} [comm_ring R] [ring S] [add_comm_group A] [algebra R S] [module S A] [module R A] [is_scalar_tower R S A] {ι : Type u_1} {ι' : Type u_2} {b : ι → S} {c : ι' → A} (hb : is_basis R b) (hc : is_basis S c) (x : A) (i : ι) (j : ι') :
((_.repr) x) (i, j) = ((hb.repr) (((hc.repr) x) j)) i
theorem exists_subalgebra_of_fg (A : Type w) (B : Type u₁) (C : Type u_1) [comm_ring A] [comm_ring B] [comm_ring C] [algebra A B] [algebra B C] [algebra A C] [is_scalar_tower A B C] (hAC : .fg) (hBC : .fg) :
∃ (B₀ : subalgebra A B), B₀.fg .fg
theorem fg_of_fg_of_fg (A : Type w) (B : Type u₁) (C : Type u_1) [comm_ring A] [comm_ring B] [comm_ring C] [algebra A B] [algebra B C] [algebra A C] [is_scalar_tower A B C] [is_noetherian_ring A] (hAC : .fg) (hBC : .fg) (hBCi : function.injective (algebra_map B C)) :

Artin--Tate lemma: if A ⊆ B ⊆ C is a chain of subrings of commutative rings, and A is noetherian, and C is algebra-finite over A, and C is module-finite over B, then B is algebra-finite over A.

References: Atiyah--Macdonald Proposition 7.8; Stacks 00IS; Altman--Kleiman 16.17.

def alg_hom.restrict_domain {A : Type w} (B : Type u₁) {C : Type u_1} {D : Type u_2} [comm_semiring A] [comm_semiring C] [comm_semiring D] [algebra A C] [algebra A D] (f : C →ₐ[A] D) [comm_semiring B] [algebra A B] [algebra B C] [is_scalar_tower A B C] :

Restrict the domain of an alg_hom.

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def alg_hom.extend_scalars {A : Type w} (B : Type u₁) {C : Type u_1} {D : Type u_2} [comm_semiring A] [comm_semiring C] [comm_semiring D] [algebra A C] [algebra A D] (f : C →ₐ[A] D) [comm_semiring B] [algebra A B] [algebra B C] [is_scalar_tower A B C] :

Extend the scalars of an alg_hom.

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def alg_hom_equiv_sigma {A : Type w} {B : Type u₁} {C : Type u_1} {D : Type u_2} [comm_semiring A] [comm_semiring C] [comm_semiring D] [algebra A C] [algebra A D] [comm_semiring B] [algebra A B] [algebra B C] [is_scalar_tower A B C] :
(C →ₐ[A] D) Σ (f : B →ₐ[A] D), C →ₐ[B] D

alg_homs from the top of a tower are equivalent to a pair of alg_homs.

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