mathlib3 documentation


Hausdorff properties of uniform spaces. Separation quotient. #

THIS FILE IS SYNCHRONIZED WITH MATHLIB4. Any changes to this file require a corresponding PR to mathlib4.

This file studies uniform spaces whose underlying topological spaces are separated (also known as Hausdorff or T₂). This turns out to be equivalent to asking that the intersection of all entourages is the diagonal only. This condition actually implies the stronger separation property that the space is T₃, hence those conditions are equivalent for topologies coming from a uniform structure.

More generally, the intersection 𝓢 X of all entourages of X, which has type set (X × X) is an equivalence relation on X. Points which are equivalent under the relation are basically undistinguishable from the point of view of the uniform structure. For instance any uniformly continuous function will send equivalent points to the same value.

The quotient separation_quotient X of X by 𝓢 X has a natural uniform structure which is separated, and satisfies a universal property: every uniformly continuous function from X to a separated uniform space uniquely factors through separation_quotient X. As usual, this allows to turn separation_quotient into a functor (but we don't use the category theory library in this file).

These notions admit relative versions, one can ask that s : set X is separated, this is equivalent to asking that the uniform structure induced on s is separated.

Main definitions #

Main results #

Notations #

Localized in uniformity, we have the notation 𝓢 X for the separation relation on a uniform space X,

Implementation notes #

The separation setoid separation_setoid is not declared as a global instance. It is made a local instance while building the theory of separation_quotient. The factored map separation_quotient.lift f is defined without imposing any condition on f, but returns junk if f is not uniformly continuous (constant junk hence it is always uniformly continuous).

Separated uniform spaces #

@[protected, instance]
def separation_rel (α : Type u) [u : uniform_space α] :
set × α)

The separation relation is the intersection of all entourages. Two points which are related by the separation relation are "indistinguishable" according to the uniform structure.

theorem separated_equiv {α : Type u} [uniform_space α] :
equivalence (λ (x y : α), (x, y) separation_rel α)
theorem filter.has_basis.mem_separation_rel {α : Type u} [uniform_space α] {ι : Sort u_1} {p : ι Prop} {s : ι set × α)} (h : (uniformity α).has_basis p s) {a : α × α} :
a separation_rel α (i : ι), p i a s i
theorem separation_rel_iff_specializes {α : Type u} [uniform_space α] {a b : α} :
(a, b) separation_rel α a b
theorem separation_rel_iff_inseparable {α : Type u} [uniform_space α] {a b : α} :
theorem separated_def {α : Type u} [uniform_space α] :
separated_space α (x y : α), ( (r : set × α)), r uniformity α (x, y) r) x = y
theorem separated_def' {α : Type u} [uniform_space α] :
separated_space α (x y : α), x y ( (r : set × α)) (H : r uniformity α), (x, y) r)
theorem eq_of_uniformity {α : Type u_1} [uniform_space α] [separated_space α] {x y : α} (h : {V : set × α)}, V uniformity α (x, y) V) :
x = y
theorem eq_of_uniformity_basis {α : Type u_1} [uniform_space α] [separated_space α] {ι : Type u_2} {p : ι Prop} {s : ι set × α)} (hs : (uniformity α).has_basis p s) {x y : α} (h : {i : ι}, p i (x, y) s i) :
x = y
theorem eq_of_forall_symmetric {α : Type u_1} [uniform_space α] [separated_space α] {x y : α} (h : {V : set × α)}, V uniformity α symmetric_rel V (x, y) V) :
x = y
theorem eq_of_cluster_pt_uniformity {α : Type u} [uniform_space α] [separated_space α] {x y : α} (h : cluster_pt (x, y) (uniformity α)) :
x = y
theorem separation_rel_comap {α : Type u} {β : Type v} [uniform_space α] [uniform_space β] {f : α β} (h : _inst_1 = uniform_space.comap f _inst_2) :
theorem filter.has_basis.separation_rel {α : Type u} [uniform_space α] {ι : Sort u_1} {p : ι Prop} {s : ι set × α)} (h : (uniformity α).has_basis p s) :
separation_rel α = (i : ι) (hi : p i), s i
@[protected, instance]
def separated_t3 {α : Type u} [uniform_space α] [separated_space α] :
@[protected, instance]
theorem is_closed_of_spaced_out {α : Type u} [uniform_space α] [separated_space α] {V₀ : set × α)} (V₀_in : V₀ uniformity α) {s : set α} (hs : s.pairwise (λ (x y : α), (x, y) V₀)) :
theorem is_closed_range_of_spaced_out {α : Type u} [uniform_space α] {ι : Type u_1} [separated_space α] {V₀ : set × α)} (V₀_in : V₀ uniformity α) {f : ι α} (hf : pairwise (λ (x y : ι), (f x, f y) V₀)) :

Separation quotient #

The separation relation of a uniform space seen as a setoid.

theorem uniform_space.uniform_continuous_quotient_lift {α : Type u} {β : Type v} [uniform_space α] [uniform_space β] {f : α β} {h : (a b : α), (a, b) separation_rel α f a = f b} (hf : uniform_continuous f) :
theorem uniform_space.uniform_continuous_quotient_lift₂ {α : Type u} {β : Type v} {γ : Type w} [uniform_space α] [uniform_space β] [uniform_space γ] {f : α β γ} {h : (a : α) (c : β) (b : α) (d : β), (a, b) separation_rel α (c, d) separation_rel β f a c = f b d} (hf : uniform_continuous (λ (p : α × β), f p.fst p.snd)) :
theorem uniform_space.separated_of_uniform_continuous {α : Type u} {β : Type v} [uniform_space α] [uniform_space β] {f : α β} {x y : α} (H : uniform_continuous f) (h : x y) :
f x f y
theorem uniform_space.eq_of_separated_of_uniform_continuous {α : Type u} {β : Type v} [uniform_space α] [uniform_space β] [separated_space β] {f : α β} {x y : α} (H : uniform_continuous f) (h : x y) :
f x = f y

Factoring functions to a separated space through the separation quotient.

theorem uniform_space.separation_prod {α : Type u} {β : Type v} [uniform_space α] [uniform_space β] {a₁ a₂ : α} {b₁ b₂ : β} :
(a₁, b₁) (a₂, b₂) a₁ a₂ b₁ b₂
@[protected, instance]