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category_theory.abelian.images

The abelian image and coimage. #

In an abelian category we usually want the image of a morphism f to be defined as kernel (cokernel.π f), and the coimage to be defined as cokernel (kernel.ι f).

We make these definitions here, as abelian.image f and abelian.coimage f (without assuming the category is actually abelian), and later relate these to the usual categorical notions when in an abelian category.

There is a canonical morphism coimage_image_comparison : abelian.coimage f ⟶ abelian.image f. Later we show that this is always an isomorphism in an abelian category, and conversely a category with (co)kernels and finite products in which this morphism is always an isomorphism is an abelian category.

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The kernel of the cokernel of f is called the (abelian) image of f.

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The inclusion of the image into the codomain.

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There is a canonical epimorphism p : P ⟶ image f for every f.

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The cokernel of the kernel of f is called the (abelian) coimage of f.

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There is a canonical monomorphism i : coimage f ⟶ Q.