mathlib documentation

data.set_like.basic

Typeclass for types with a set-like extensionality property #

The has_mem typeclass is used to let terms of a type have elements. Many instances of has_mem have a set-like extensionality property: things are equal iff they have the same elements. The set_like typeclass provides a unified interface to define a has_mem that is extensional in this way.

The main use of set_like is for algebraic subobjects (such as submonoid and submodule), whose non-proof data consists only of a carrier set. In such a situation, the projection to the carrier set is injective.

In general, a type A is set_like with elements of type B if it has an injective map to set B. This module provides standard boilerplate for every set_like: a coe_sort, a coe to set, a partial_order, and various extensionality and simp lemmas.

A typical subobject should be declared as:

structure my_subobject (X : Type*) :=
(carrier : set X)
(op_mem :  {x : X}, x  carrier  sorry  carrier)

namespace my_subobject

variables (X : Type*)

instance : set_like (my_subobject X) X :=
sub_mul_action.carrier, λ p q h, by cases p; cases q; congr'

@[simp] lemma mem_carrier {p : my_subobject X} : x  p.carrier  x  (p : set X) := iff.rfl

@[ext] theorem ext {p q : my_subobject X} (h :  x, x  p  x  q) : p = q := set_like.ext h

/-- Copy of a `my_subobject` with a new `carrier` equal to the old one. Useful to fix definitional
equalities. See Note [range copy pattern]. -/
protected def copy (p : my_subobject X) (s : set X) (hs : s = p) : my_subobject X :=
{ carrier := s,
  op_mem' := hs.symm  p.op_mem' }

@[simp] lemma coe_copy (p : my_subobject X) (s : set X) (hs : s = p) :
  (p.copy s hs : set X) = s := rfl

lemma copy_eq (p : my_subobject X) (s : set X) (hs : s = p) : p.copy s hs = p :=
set_like.coe_injective hs

end my_subobject

An alternative to set_like could have been an extensional has_mem typeclass:

class has_ext_mem (α : out_param $ Type u) (β : Type v) extends has_mem α β :=
(ext_iff :  {s t : β}, s = t   (x : α), x  s  x  t)

While this is equivalent, set_like conveniently uses a carrier set projection directly.

Tags #

subobjects

@[class]
structure set_like (A : Type u_1) (B : out_param (Type u_2)) :
Type (max u_1 u_2)

A class to indicate that there is a canonical injection between A and set B.

This has the effect of giving terms of A elements of type B (through a has_mem instance) and a compatible coercion to Type* as a subtype.

Note: if set_like.coe is a projection, implementers should create a simp lemma such as

@[simp] lemma mem_carrier {p : my_subobject X} : x  p.carrier  x  (p : set X) := iff.rfl

to normalize terms.

Instances
@[instance]
def set_like.set.has_coe_t {A : Type u_1} {B : Type u_2} [i : set_like A B] :
Equations
@[instance]
def set_like.has_mem {A : Type u_1} {B : Type u_2} [i : set_like A B] :
Equations
@[nolint, instance]
def set_like.has_coe_to_sort {A : Type u_1} {B : Type u_2} [i : set_like A B] :
has_coe_to_sort A (Type u_2)
Equations
@[simp]
theorem set_like.coe_sort_coe {A : Type u_1} {B : Type u_2} [i : set_like A B] (p : A) :
theorem set_like.exists {A : Type u_1} {B : Type u_2} [i : set_like A B] {p : A} {q : p → Prop} :
(∃ (x : p), q x) ∃ (x : B) (H : x p), q x, H⟩
theorem set_like.forall {A : Type u_1} {B : Type u_2} [i : set_like A B] {p : A} {q : p → Prop} :
(∀ (x : p), q x) ∀ (x : B) (H : x p), q x, H⟩
theorem set_like.coe_injective {A : Type u_1} {B : Type u_2} [i : set_like A B] :
@[simp]
theorem set_like.coe_set_eq {A : Type u_1} {B : Type u_2} [i : set_like A B] {p q : A} :
p = q p = q
theorem set_like.ext' {A : Type u_1} {B : Type u_2} [i : set_like A B] {p q : A} (h : p = q) :
p = q
theorem set_like.ext'_iff {A : Type u_1} {B : Type u_2} [i : set_like A B] {p q : A} :
p = q p = q
theorem set_like.ext {A : Type u_1} {B : Type u_2} [i : set_like A B] {p q : A} (h : ∀ (x : B), x p x q) :
p = q

Note: implementers of set_like must copy this lemma in order to tag it with @[ext].

theorem set_like.ext_iff {A : Type u_1} {B : Type u_2} [i : set_like A B] {p q : A} :
p = q ∀ (x : B), x p x q
@[simp]
theorem set_like.mem_coe {A : Type u_1} {B : Type u_2} [i : set_like A B] {p : A} {x : B} :
x p x p
@[simp]
theorem set_like.coe_eq_coe {A : Type u_1} {B : Type u_2} [i : set_like A B] {p : A} {x y : p} :
x = y x = y
@[simp]
theorem set_like.coe_mk {A : Type u_1} {B : Type u_2} [i : set_like A B] {p : A} (x : B) (hx : x p) :
x, hx⟩ = x
@[simp]
theorem set_like.coe_mem {A : Type u_1} {B : Type u_2} [i : set_like A B] {p : A} (x : p) :
x p
@[simp]
theorem set_like.eta {A : Type u_1} {B : Type u_2} [i : set_like A B] {p : A} (x : p) (hx : x p) :
x, hx⟩ = x
@[nolint, instance]
def set_like.partial_order {A : Type u_1} {B : Type u_2} [i : set_like A B] :
Equations
theorem set_like.le_def {A : Type u_1} {B : Type u_2} [i : set_like A B] {S T : A} :
S T ∀ ⦃x : B⦄, x Sx T
@[simp]
theorem set_like.coe_subset_coe {A : Type u_1} {B : Type u_2} [i : set_like A B] {S T : A} :
S T S T
theorem set_like.coe_mono {A : Type u_1} {B : Type u_2} [i : set_like A B] :
@[simp]
theorem set_like.coe_ssubset_coe {A : Type u_1} {B : Type u_2} [i : set_like A B] {S T : A} :
S T S < T
theorem set_like.coe_strict_mono {A : Type u_1} {B : Type u_2} [i : set_like A B] :
theorem set_like.not_le_iff_exists {A : Type u_1} {B : Type u_2} [i : set_like A B] {p q : A} :
¬p q ∃ (x : B) (H : x p), x q
theorem set_like.exists_of_lt {A : Type u_1} {B : Type u_2} [i : set_like A B] {p q : A} :
p < q(∃ (x : B) (H : x q), x p)
theorem set_like.lt_iff_le_and_exists {A : Type u_1} {B : Type u_2} [i : set_like A B] {p q : A} :
p < q p q ∃ (x : B) (H : x q), x p