# mathlib3documentation

combinatorics.simple_graph.regularity.equitabilise

# Equitabilising a partition #

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This file allows to blow partitions up into parts of controlled size. Given a partition P and a b m : ℕ, we want to find a partition Q with a parts of size m and b parts of size m + 1 such that all parts of P are "as close as possible" to unions of parts of Q. By "as close as possible", we mean that each part of P can be written as the union of some parts of Q along with at most m other elements.

## Main declarations #

• finpartition.equitabilise: P.equitabilise h where h : a * m + b * (m + 1) is a partition with a parts of size m and b parts of size m + 1 which almost refines P.
• finpartition.exists_equipartition_card_eq: We can find equipartitions of arbitrary size.

## References #

Yaël Dillies, Bhavik Mehta, Formalising Szemerédi’s Regularity Lemma in Lean

theorem finpartition.equitabilise_aux {α : Type u_1} [decidable_eq α] {s : finset α} {m a b : } (P : finpartition s) (hs : a * m + b * (m + 1) = s.card) :
(Q : , ( (x : finset α), x Q.parts x.card = m x.card = m + 1) ( (x : finset α), x P.parts (x \ (finset.filter (λ (y : finset α), y x) Q.parts).bUnion id).card m) (finset.filter (λ (i : finset α), i.card = m + 1) Q.parts).card = b

Given a partition P of s, as well as a proof that a * m + b * (m + 1) = s.card, we can find a new partition Q of s where each part has size m or m + 1, every part of P is the union of parts of Q plus at most m extra elements, there are b parts of size m + 1 and (provided m > 0, because a partition does not have parts of size 0) there are a parts of size m and hence a + b parts in total.

noncomputable def finpartition.equitabilise {α : Type u_1} [decidable_eq α] {s : finset α} {m a b : } (P : finpartition s) (h : a * m + b * (m + 1) = s.card) :

Given a partition P of s, as well as a proof that a * m + b * (m + 1) = s.card, build a new partition Q of s where each part has size m or m + 1, every part of P is the union of parts of Q plus at most m extra elements, there are b parts of size m + 1 and (provided m > 0, because a partition does not have parts of size 0) there are a parts of size m and hence a + b parts in total.

Equations
theorem finpartition.card_eq_of_mem_parts_equitabilise {α : Type u_1} [decidable_eq α] {s t : finset α} {m a b : } {P : finpartition s} {h : a * m + b * (m + 1) = s.card} :
t (P.equitabilise h).parts t.card = m t.card = m + 1
theorem finpartition.equitabilise_is_equipartition {α : Type u_1} [decidable_eq α] {s : finset α} {m a b : } {P : finpartition s} {h : a * m + b * (m + 1) = s.card} :
theorem finpartition.card_filter_equitabilise_big {α : Type u_1} [decidable_eq α] {s : finset α} {m a b : } (P : finpartition s) (h : a * m + b * (m + 1) = s.card) :
(finset.filter (λ (u : finset α), u.card = m + 1) (P.equitabilise h).parts).card = b
theorem finpartition.card_filter_equitabilise_small {α : Type u_1} [decidable_eq α] {s : finset α} {m a b : } (P : finpartition s) (h : a * m + b * (m + 1) = s.card) (hm : m 0) :
(finset.filter (λ (u : finset α), u.card = m) (P.equitabilise h).parts).card = a
theorem finpartition.card_parts_equitabilise {α : Type u_1} [decidable_eq α] {s : finset α} {m a b : } (P : finpartition s) (h : a * m + b * (m + 1) = s.card) (hm : m 0) :
theorem finpartition.card_parts_equitabilise_subset_le {α : Type u_1} [decidable_eq α] {s t : finset α} {m a b : } (P : finpartition s) (h : a * m + b * (m + 1) = s.card) :
t P.parts (t \ (finset.filter (λ (u : finset α), u t) (P.equitabilise h).parts).bUnion id).card m
theorem finpartition.exists_equipartition_card_eq {α : Type u_1} [decidable_eq α] (s : finset α) {n : } (hn : n 0) (hs : n s.card) :

We can find equipartitions of arbitrary size.